When coffee beans are roasted, they look very much alike. But, did you know that there are many types of coffee beans? For coffee experts, there are only two major contenders; these are the Robusta & Arabica coffee beans.
So how do you know the differences between these two main kinds of coffee? What is so unique about each type? Which is more delicious?
For one, the name Arabica or Robusta refers to the species of coffee being grown. Don’t confuse them to the other types of coffee which are called after to the place where they are grown such as Java, Sumatran, Kenya and Brazilian.
Although, you can still find Robusta and Arabica in a particular region, it will depend on the climate and whether it is suited for the area. There are many other types of coffee, but Robusta and Arabica are the most commonly produced and drank coffee.
Robusta vs. Arabica Coffee Beans
Robusta Coffee Beans
Robusta Coffee is a type of coffee from the Coffee canephora crop which is known for its high bitter taste and low acidity. It is a cheaper coffee variant compared to other coffee types because of its higher yields.Regarding taste, Robusta is famous for its earthy flavors as well as its strength. Because it is very robust and highly acidic, it is usually mixed with Arabica beans to give a better mix and popular flavor for drinking.
Compared to Arabica beans, the Robusta coffee has more caffeine than Arabica beans and much more popular with coffee drinkers as well.The Robusta coffee and Arabica coffee complement each other with the Robusta having a strong, full bodied coffee while the Arabica provides the perfect balance in taste.
The Robusta coffee is more commonly used in Italian coffee blends to get the right amount of strength. Because it is resistant to pests and produces a higher yield, this coffee is more economical for consumers of coffee compared to the Arabica coffee beans.Robusta coffee is exclusively produced in the Eastern Hemisphere. (Find a link)
Arabica Coffee Beans
Arabica Coffee is a species of Coffea which comprises around 80% of the total coffee produced in the world. The crop has a lower yield with each tree producing between 0.5 - 5kg. Unlike the Robusta, Arabica is less resistant to pests and frost which makes it harder to create.
Despite this, Arabica is more popular and widely used by more coffee drinkers with 100% blend of Arabica beans. Concerning taste, it is sweeter and has flavors of fruit, sugar, and berries but has a strong coffee smell.
The Arabica coffee is fit for espresso because it is an excellent, full-bodied. A 100% Arabica blend utilizing beans from various areas is possible because it is dependent on the climate where it grows.
Its versatility is remarkable because it can be used as a single origin blend which emphasizes the particular quality of a region where the beans are produced. Latin America produces mainly Arabica beans, but they also can be found in Africa and Papua New Guinea.
Because of its versatility and excellent taste profile, this makes the Arabica beans very accessible to coffee drinkers. What makes it a more attractive coffee variant is that it takes a lot of years for it to grow and yield more crops per tree. Because of this, Arabica is more expensive compared to the Robusta coffee.
Steps in Roasting Coffee Beans
Step 1: Preheat your oven to 450°F
Make sure to have your pan ready while your oven is preheating. You should have a baking sheet that has a lot of tiny holes and a lip that will secure the beans in the pan. You can buy these containers at any kitchen equipment shops.
Alternatively, you can use an old baking sheet with a lip, if you don’t want to purchase a new pan. You can use your old pan with a 1/8 inch drill bit and drill holes into the baking sheet. Make sure the holes are the ½ inch away from each other and tiny enough, so the beans will not fall through them.
Step 2: Put the beans in the pan
Place the beans onto the baking sheet so that they are in one layer over the whole pan. Make sure the beans are close together but should not be overlapping. After the oven is preheated, put the baking sheet with the beans onto the middle rack of the oven.
Step 3: Roast the beans for around 15 to 20 minutes
Be alert for a popping sound. It means that the water from the beans is evaporating. The popping sound means that the beans are roasting and darkening. Stir the beans around every couple of minutes so that they will become even.
Step 4: Remove the coffee beans from the heat
After you are happy with the roasting, remove the seeds quickly from the oven. To cool them down, put the coffee beans into a metal colander and stir. It will allow the coffee beans to cool while removing them from the chaff.
So, now you know the difference between Arabica and Robusta. At the end of the day, what matters the most is not the type of beans that you have roasted but whether you had fun cooking your beans.The next time you want to have a cup of coffee, you can save more money by roasting your coffee beans. There’s a lot of pride in knowing that you have cooked your beans.
Have you tried roasting coffee beans at home? We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section below, or in our Facebook Page.